a project co-funded by the EU promoting Sustainable and Responsible Tourism in Mediterranean countries involving Italy, Lebanon, Spain and Tunisia
the historical Mediterranean networking and the environment
The historical existence of two different models in the Mediterranean area, the “mono-centric” one and the really “networking” one, has produced relevant results in the Mediterranean environment, that have important consequences related to the Sustainable Tourism. The “mono-centric” model produced enormous damages to the environment, within the framework of a stealing logic concerning the considered “periphery” areas; for example:
- the ancient Romans deforested 100% of Sardinia island to build their fleets from the times of the wars against Carthage and Napoleon deforested a large part of Calabria for the same use for the French fleet;
- the ancient Romans imposed a mono-cultivation of wheat in Sicily to ensure it to the Rome town, destroying the environmental equilibrium there ;
On the other side, the networking model permitted a more sustainable relation between men and environment; for example:
Venice preserved the Carnia forests with a rational system of exploitation and replanting for building his fleet and the Venice lagune environment against any form of degrading it;
Islamic rulers encouraged the biodiversity and the diversification of the cultivations in Sicily.
The differences between the two models and between their consequences in the environmental situation and in landscape can be an interesting tourist element now, especially in the Sustainable Tourism, and also an important guide-element for the characteristics of the new tourist activities that want to be really eco-friendly managed.
Promoting the knowledge and the analysis of the historical processes concerning the local environments as a tourist elements in the Sustainable Tourism, means using all the interactive and amusing methodologies for transforming these elements in a new additional dimension to the normal eco-tourism and historical tourism.
The importance of these elements is higher in the case of the use of an approach that promote the network dimension of the Mediterranean History as tourist element, because in this case it’s possible to show and to compare different situations of historical impact on the environment.Add links