a project co-funded by the EU promoting Sustainable and Responsible Tourism in Mediterranean countries involving Italy, Lebanon, Spain and Tunisia
not-Sustainable Tourism and its environmental consequences
The main negative consequences of the not-Sustainable Tourism are in the environmental field and this is one reason why the same concept of Sustainable Tourism has been created starting from the opposition to the environmental damages of the “normal” tourism; the second reason was the not adequately acceptation of the great importance of the cultural damages of that savage tourism.
There are 6 classes of consequences on the environment.
- increasing savage buildings of tourist equipments (hotels, restaurants, beach centres, amusement parks, golf fields, sky equipments, etc.), tourist-housing (2nd houses, fake bed & breakfast or agro-tourism sites, etc.), transport structures (airports, ports, highways, parking, etc.), commercial and service centres (hypermarkets and supermarkets, cinemas, offices, etc.), especially in very fragile environmental areas (coastlines, little islands, forests, desert areas, mountains, river banks, etc);
- creation of an attractive effect in the tourist poles for other kinds of housing, commercial, service and production buildings, and depopulation of other areas (mountain and hill abandoning, old architectural patrimony abandoning, etc.) with additional damages to the environment;
- increasing of the water pollution (by tourist equipments and other buildings garbage and chemical substances used in daily activities), the air pollution (by air contamination from transport means and climatization tools), the earth pollution (garbage, abandoned building materials, plastic bags, etc.), the sound pollution (airports, rock and pop concerts, traffic, sea motorboats, snowboards, etc.);
- endangerment of wild animals (trough the above mentioned elements and due to the overfishing), plants and ecosystems (especially humid areas, forests, oasis, little lakes, straits, little rivers, etc.);
- increasing abandoning of the prevention activities against catastrophes (fighting soil erosion, deforestation, little rivers managements, consolidating old structures against earthquakes, etc.);
- increasing of resource consumption and wasting (crops for energy and foods, water for irrigation, washing, golf fields, etc., trees for paper and furniture, etc.).
Each one is also interacting with the other ones, contributing to create a “disrupting network effect”.http://www.gdrc.org/uem/eco-tour/envi/ http://environmentalissuestt.blogspot.it/ http://www.google.it/imgres?sa=X&biw=1280&bih=827&tbm=isch&tbnid=WBdNrb3F3hB3bM:&imgrefurl=http://blog.richmond.edu/roadandrail/category/uncategorized/&docid=BzdSxB_elsnd5M&imgurl=http://blog.richmond.edu/roadandrail/files/2012/02/kkkk.jpg&w=642&h=525&ei=KM66Ua7nDMW24ASGwoHwDQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=2&vpy=506&dur=5406&hovh=203&hovw=248&tx=29&ty=228&page=1&tbnh=150&tbnw=183&start=0&ndsp=32&ved=1t:429,r:18,s:0,i:137 http://www.docstoc.com/docs/85009335/Cruise-Tourism-in-Belize-Perceptions-of-Economic_-Social http://www.docstoc.com/docs/108746837/The-Impact-of-Mass-Tourism-in-Spain http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/aSGuest140970-1491229-environmental-impact-tourism/